One of the greatest fighters of civil rights, Thurgood Marshall; was born on July 2, 1908 in Baltimore, Maryland. He achieved national recognition for his civil rights achievements as a lawyer and later as an associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
Marshall attended public schools in Baltimore. He is a product of Frederick Douglass High School. Later Marshall graduated from Lincoln University in Pennsylvania and Howard University Law School in Washington, D. C..
Marshall returned to his native Baltimore to practice law. Most of his clients were people who made a modest living. Many could not afford the services he rendered. However, personal circumstances did not stop him from handling the problems that were presented to him. Marshall handled numerous cases involving legal disputes, police brutality, evictions, and other civil rights issues. Due to his untiring dedication and skillful court presentations, he became known as the "little man's lawyer."
In 1934, Marshall was appointed as an assistant to special counsel Charles Hamilton Houston, who worked for the Baltimore branch of the NAACP. In 1938, Marshall became a special assistant to the NAACP. Marshall represented clients with civil rights cases all over the United States. He won thirty-two out of thirty-five cases taken to the Supreme Court. His reputation spread throughout the United States for his outstanding work. Marshall was known as the greatest constitutional lawyer of this century when he served as chief attorney for the NAACP.
Marshall was nominated by President John F. Kennedy for appointment to the Second Supreme Court of Appeals in 1961. The appointment was confirmed by the Senate. President Lyndon B. Johnson nominated Marshall for appointment as Solicitor General of the United States. In August of 1965, Judge Marshall took his oath In June of 1967, President Lyndon B. Johnson nominated Judge Marshall to become an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court. This nomination was indeed a historical event, Marshall became the first African-American to serve as a Justice of the Supreme Court.
Thurgood Marshall was born in Baltimore, Maryland, the great-grandson of a slave. His mother, a schoolteacher, and his father, a waiter, scraped together money for his education but, after working his way through a degree from Lincoln University, he was excluded from the University of Maryland Law School because of its all- white policy. Instead, he graduated first in his class at Howard University, the nation's pre-eminent black university. (Today, the University of Maryland's Law School library is named after Justice Marshall.)