Conference of the Parties (COP)
What is the COP?
The COP is the supreme decision-making body of the Convention. All States that are Parties to the Convention are represented at the COP, at which they review the implementation of the Convention and any other legal instruments that the COP adopts and take decisions necessary to promote the effective implementation of the Convention, including institutional and administrative arrangements.
More Background on the COP
A key task for the COP is to review the national communications and emission inventories submitted by Parties. Based on this information, the COP assesses the effects of the measures taken by Parties and the progress made in achieving the ultimate objective of the Convention.
The COP meets every year, unless the Parties decide otherwise. The first COP meeting was held in Berlin, Germany in March, 1995. The COP meets in Bonn, the seat of the secretariat, unless a Party offers to host the session. Just as the COP Presidency rotates among the five recognized UN regions - that is, Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, Central and Eastern Europe and Western Europe and Others – there is a tendency for the venue of the COP to also shift among these groups.
Bureau of the COP
Information on election and membership of the bodies of the Convention
Location Session Conference
Spain COP 25 UN Climate Change Conference - December 2019
Poland COP 24 Katowice Climate Change Conference – December 2018
Germany COP 23 UN Climate Change Conference - November 2017
Morocco COP 22 Marrakech Climate Change Conference - November 2016
France COP 21 Paris Climate Change Conference - November 2015
Peru COP 20 Lima Climate Change Conference - December 2014
Poland COP 19 Warsaw Climate Change Conference - November 2013
Qatar COP 18 Doha Climate Change Conference - November 2012
South Africa COP 17 Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011
Mexico COP 16 Cancún Climate Change Conference - November 2010