San Jose Smart City Initiative and City of San Jose have/had a hierarchical relationship

Program of San Jose Smart City Initiative
Host City of San Jose
Start Date 2016-00-00
Notes San Jose operates under a council-manager system, meaning that the mayor's policymaking and administrative capacities are often subordinate to the city council, so it was important that Liccardo's and Santosham's work complement parallel authorities in the office of the city manager. Working with the mayor, Santosham drew on her organizational design experience as a strategy consultant to help craft the smart city vision statement, which was unanimously passed by the city council in March 2016. Aside from establishing a vision for the city's tech ambitions, it also called for the development of an Office of Civic Innovation and Digital Strategy in the city manager's office and a new Smart Cities Council Committee to oversee the work.