Peter recently retired from his post as a managing director and the chief risk officer of D.E. Shaw & Company. Previously, he was president, chief operating officer, and chief financial officer at AlphaSimplex Group, a Cambridge-based investment management firm. From 2000 to 2004, he was the chief financial officer at Risk Metrics Group, a New York-based company which specializes in risk management software and data. In 1994, he co-founded New Bond Trading, Inc., an investment management firm specializing in fixed-income arbitrage, and was president of the company until 2000. Prior to that, Peter held various positions at J.P. Morgan & Co., where he worked for fifteen years. In 1987 and 1988, he advised the Presidential Task Force on Market Mechanisms (the “Brady Commission”) which investigated the causes of the October 1987 stock market crash. He received a B.A. in economics from Bowdoin College.