Details
Title Presenter
Start Date 1991-00-00
Notes TheCHAIRMAN.SenatorHatfield? STATEMENTOFHON.MARK0.HATFIELD,AU.S.SENATORFROM THE STATE OF OREGON SenatorHATFIELD.Thankyou,Mr.Chairman. Iwilofermyfulstatementtobeplacedintherecord,andI wouldliketojusthighlightifIcould. Mr.Chairman,manyearsago,whenIenteredSalemHigh Schol,itwasabrandnewbuilding;itwasmadeofbeautifulbrick, andtherewereabout1,80students.Inthebackofthebuilding wasaparkinglot,andinthemidleofthatparkinglotwasagray concretebuildingnobrickdesignedsomewhatasprisonsarede- signed,Iguesandthatwastheshop,caled"theshop".Andif youhadindicatedstronglytoyourcounselorortoyouradvisor thatyouhadnoplanstogotocolege,forwhateverreason,you werecounseledto"theshop",detachedfromthemainbuilding. Thechairmanthismorningofthisoutstandingcomision talkedaboutthelitismthathasdevelopedovertheyearsinour educationsystems.Icaliteducationalsnobery. Iamproudtobeaproductoftheliberalarts.Ibelieveinliberal artseducation.Nevertheleseverystudent,eveninmygeneration, wasnotheadedforcolege,andyetthecuriculumwasgeared solelyandexclusivelyforcolegepreparatorywork,asumingthat everybodyatleastshouldgothroughthatsamecuriculthn. Manyearslater,whenIbecameGovernor,havingcomeoutof theacademicfieldinaprivateuniversityrole,theasumptionwas thatmybudgetwouldcarythehighestpriorityforthexisting4- yeardegregrantinginstitutions.Wewereinarecesionatthe time,therewasatightsquezeonmoney,andIindedputthetop priorityonhighereducation.Butatthesametimewelauncheda comunitycolegeprogramwhichwastobeatwo-yeartransfer anda2-yearterminalprogramfocuseduponvocational-technical education,builtuponaveryimportantstudythathadbensetup bythelegislature.Sowehadinaparalelpatern,sotospeak,the databaseonthened.Inalofthis,wewerehoping'atthesame timetodrawintoagreaterrolethebusinescomunity. Now,Ionlytelthatlitleincident,thatistotalyirelevant,per- haps,tomany,butstiltoilustratethepointthatwhatisproposed inthispieceoflegislationisinovativebutnotstrange.Itisfound- edonabroadbaseofinformationandatatogiveitauthenticity andtofocusonthened.Ithinkitisalsoinitsrealesencenotan eforttoFederalizedtheproblembut,ifanything,todecentralize theproblemintotheareaswhereresourcesalreadyexist. Ithinkto,oftentimes,weasumethataproblemhastobeFed- eralizedinordertodealwithit,andoutofthatcomesfrustrations ofbureaucracyandfrustrationsofcostsandrisingcostsandad- ministeringaprogram,andlesandlesoftheapropriateddolar thatactualyevergetstotherecipient,forwhomtheprogramis realycreated. Buthere,whatwearedoingismaximizingwhatisgoingonout therealreadyandtheresourcesouttherealready.Letmejustuse anilustration.CitiesinScholsisoneoftheveryimportantpro- gramsthatwasfoundedoutoftheprivatesectorbyBilMiliken 11  7 Atlanta duringPresidentCarter'spresidency.Ifyouwentdownto today,youwouldsethattheyhaveveryefectivelylinkedthere- sourcesoftheprivatebusinescomunityintothenedsofthe localscholsofAtlanta.Itisalsoinothercities.Butitisawel- functioningactivityoflinkingthoseresourcesfortechnicaltrain- ingandtechnicaleducation. theUpjohn IfyougouttoKalamazo,MI,youwilfindthat drugcompanyhasdonethesamebycordinatingthemath-science program,asIhavetestifiedbeforethiscomite,amongstthe12 publichighscholsinKalamazo. Hewlet-Packard. IfyougouttotheWestCoast,you'lfindrecognizingal- Thereisalotofactivityofindustryknowingand onlytheir readythenedsofgetingtrainedpersoneltofednot futureneds,buttobecompetitiveintheworldmarket.hasaded Nowehaveinaditionanationalcomisionthat tothevidence.Wearerealyjustadingtoevidencethatispiece- mealedacrosthiscountrybythexperienceofpeopleinbusines andpeopleinthelocalcomunitiesleadersineducation,political leaders. myself ImentionedtheStateofOregonandIwilnotrepeat atthepresconferenceandtheinovationoftryingtodealwith thisnedatthesecondaryschollevelinthelast2yearsofthat 12-yearprogrambyprovidingaforkintheroadforstudentswhere theymaychoseoneortheotherfork,notlockedintotheirchoice iflatertheywanttocrosovertothecolegepreprogramorto pursuethevocational-technicalcuriculum. speaker Wedon'tknowitisgoingtowork.WhenVeraKatz,our first ofourHouseofRepresentatives,thePortlandrepresentative, proposedthis,itwasgretedwithgaspsofdisbelieforsurprise, mixturesofvariousemotions.Butaspeoplebegantolokatitand studyit,likeanythingelsethatbreaksthetraditionsandletme telyou,traditioncanbeaverygreatcontinuityofhistory,buttra- ditioncanalsobeagreatimpedimenttoprogresandIthink sometimes,comingoutofthefieldofeducation,Icansaythis,that someoftheworstexamplesoffosilizedtraditionsareineducation- alinstitutionsandstructuresthemselves.That'snottosaythey arealthatway,butIcertainlyfoundthatinmyownpersonalex- perience. there, Sothatconsequently,wearemaximizingtheactivitiesout theresourcesoutthere. with Now,Mr.Chairman,Iseinowaythatthisiscompetitive theSecretaryofEducationandPresidentBush'sEducation20 andtheprogramthathasbenlaunchedbytheadministration. YouandIhadthexperienceofhavingtomeldourefortsin math-sciencetomakesuretheadministrationunderstodthatwe arenotstandingouthereinacompetitiverole,eventhoughit wouldbeourlegislativeconstitutionalrighttodosoifwewanted to.Butwearetryingtobehelpfulandcomplementarytothef- fortsoftheadministration. IamveryhopefulthatwewilgetaringingendorsementbySec- retaryAlexanderandbytheadministrationoficialsforthis.After al,itwasbipartisanfromitsfounding;itisbipartisaninitsintro- duction,anditwilonlybesucesfulthroughbipartisanefort. Andthereisenoughoftheproblemtheproblemisso'hugeI 12 8 thinkanyefortiscomplementarytoanyotherefortandnotcom- petitiveinthatsense. SoImakethosecomentsinthesenseoftryingtolaythefoun- dationforpublicunderstandingthatwearenotsayingtobusines "Youarederelict";wearenotsayingtolocaleducationalinstitu- tions"Youarebenightedandnotfacingyourresponsibilities"we arenotdoingthisasacriticalaction;wearedoingittometa criticalproblemandemployingalofourresourcesandgivingop- portunitiesforalofthemtoparticipateinthesolutions. Itisveryinterestingtonotethattn1909,HenryFordproduced hisfirstModelT.Historytelsusthatitcostabout$950.Withina veryshorttimeHenryFordwasproducingModelTsfromthefirst movingasemblyline,andthatbroughtthepricedownto$30.In- creasedtechnology. Then,itwasveryinterestingby1914,hewasproducingone automobilevery24seconds,andhewaspayinghisemployes$5 perhour,whichwasabouttwicethewagerateoffactoryworkers in1914,andinparttokepthemonthejob,becauseitwasamo- notonous,dehumanizingexperience. Now,youcouldsaythatwearenowfacinganotherlevelorera inthedevelopmentofproduction.Todayitisnotsomuchthatwe saythoseasemblyarebeing"maned'withthehumanfactorin theword,notbypeople,butbyelectronicmonitors,robotarms, computers,etc,etc,becauseoftheNation'stechnologicaladvances. ButthesadnewsisthatmanyofourNation'syoungpeopledonot posestheskilsandknowledgetoeitherpursuehighereducation orenterthatworkplacetoworkthesehightechnicalpositions. Sothistomeistheoportunitytoatleastadresthesubject. Thereisnopanaceathatisgoingtocureveryfacetofit,butcer- tainlyitisastepthatissoimportanttotake,andIamveryhon- ored,Mr.Chairman,tobeasociatedwithyouagaininaneduca- tionalcauseandtobeincompanywithourdistinguishedcol- leagues,Mr.GephardtandMr.RegulafromtheHouseofRepre- sentatives. Thank you. [ThepreparedstatementofSenatorHatfieldfolows:] PREPARED STATEMENT OF SENATOR HATFIELD Mr.Chairman,Iwouldliketocomendyouandyourcoleaguesforyourleader- shipinthecriticalisuesofworkplaceskils,schol-to-worktransition,andeconom- icompetitivenes. IamproudtobeherethismorningrepresentingmystateofOregon,whichas takenanationalyprominentroleInadresingtheseIsuesInrelationtoitspublic educationsystem.TheproHemswefaceare,unfortunately,oneconsequenceofthe Inabilityofoureducationalsystemstokepupwiththerapidlychangingtechnolo- gyintheworldoutsidetheclasrom. WhenHenryFordmarketedhisModelTin1909,hesold1,0ofthemfor$950 apiece.Whenheintroducedthemovingasemblylineafewyearslater,theprice plungedtounder$20,andby1914hisfactorywasturningoutoneModelTevery 24seconds.Ford'sworkerswerepaid$5perday,almostdoublethewagesofother factoryworkers,topreventthemfromquitingwhathasbendescribedas"themo- notonous,dehumanizingasemblyline." Today,theasemblylinehasindedbendehumanized.Itisatendedwecano longersay"maned"byelectronicmonitorsandrobotarms,productsofourNa- tion'stechnologicaladvances. 3