Retired Professor, Boston University. Dr. Fraser became a director in 1993. He was the founder and Director of the Boston University Photonics Center and a Professor of Engineering and Physics at that university until he retired in January 2006. From 1991 to 1993, Dr. Fraser was the Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense, Acquisition, with primary responsibility for managing the Department of Defense acquisition process, including setting policy and executing programs. He served as Deputy Director of Operational Test and Evaluation for Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence from 1990 to 1991, a position which included top level management and oversight of the operational test and evaluation of all major Department of Defense communications, command and control, intelligence, electronic warfare, space and information management system programs. From 1981 to 1988, Dr. Fraser was employed as Vice President, Technical Operations at Charles Stark Draper Laboratory and from 1988 to 1990, as its Executive Vice President. Dr. Fraser is a director of Aurora Flight Sciences and the Center for Technology Commercialization.