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This article is about settlement. For the metropolitan borough, see City of Bradford. For other uses, see Bradford (disambiguation).
This article is about Bradford in West Yorkshire. For other uses, see Bradford (disambiguation).
City and metropolitan borough
City of Bradford
Clockwise from top left: Bradford City Hall, Bradford Cathedral, Wool Exchange, Bradford, National Science and Media Museum, Bradford City Park, Bradford Alhambra
Coat of arms of Bradford
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 'Wool City'
Motto(s): "Progress · Industry · Humanity"
A map of England coloured pink showing the administrative subdivisions of the country. The Leeds metropolitan borough area is coloured red.
Shown within West Yorkshire
Bradford is located in EnglandBradfordBradford
Location within England
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Coordinates: 53°48′N 1°45′WCoordinates: 53°48′N 1°45′W
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Ceremonial county West Yorkshire
Metropolitan Borough City of Bradford
Historic county Yorkshire
Borough charter 1847
City status 1897
City of Bradford Met. District 1974
Administrative HQ Bradford City Hall
• Type Metropolitan borough
• Body City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council
• Leadership Leader and cabinet
• Executive Labour
• Lord Mayor Doreen Lee (Lab)
• Council Leader Susan Hinchcliffe (Lab)
• Chief Executive Kersten England
Population (mid-2019 est.)
• Total 539,776 (Ranked 7th)
• Density 3,341/sq mi (1,290/km2)
(2011 census) 67.44% White British
26.83% Asian or Asian British
1.77% Black or Black British
2.48% Mixed Race
1.48% Chinese and other
Time zone UTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
• Summer (DST) UTC+1 (British Summer Time)
Dialling codes 01274
ISO 3166 code GB-BFD
NUTS 3 code UKE41
ONS code 00CX (ONS)
OS grid reference SE164331
International airports Leeds Bradford (LBA)
List of MPs[show]
Bradford /ˈbrædfərd/ (About this soundlisten) is a city and metropolitan borough in West Yorkshire, England. It is located approximately 8.6 miles (14 km) west of Leeds and lies in the eastern foothills of the Pennines. Its population within the council area was estimated in 2019 to be 539,776, which makes Bradford the third-largest city in the Yorkshire and the Humber region after Leeds and Sheffield, the fourth-largest in Northern England, the sixth-largest in England and the seventh-largest in the United Kingdom. Bradford also forms part of the West Yorkshire Urban Area, which in 2001 had a population of 1.5 million and is the fourth largest in the United Kingdom.
Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, Bradford rose to prominence in the 19th century as an international centre of textile manufacture, particularly wool. It was a boomtown of the Industrial Revolution, and amongst the earliest industrialised settlements, rapidly becoming the "wool capital of the world"; this in turn gave rise to the nicknames "Woolopolis" and "Wool City". The area's access to a supply of coal, iron ore and soft water facilitated the growth of Bradford's manufacturing base, which, as textile manufacture grew, led to an explosion in population and was a stimulus to civic investment; Bradford has a large amount of listed Victorian architecture including the grand Italianate City Hall. Bradford became a municipal borough in 1847, and received its charter as a city in 1897. Since local government reform in 1974, Bradford's city limits have been within the City of Bradford metropolitan borough.
From the mid-20th century, deindustrialisation caused Bradford's textile sector and industrial base to decline, and since then, it has faced similar economic and social challenges to the rest of post-industrial Northern England, including poverty, social and economic deprivation, unemployment and social unrest. Despite this, Bradford has a significant economy within the Yorkshire and the Humber region; it is the third-largest at around £10 billion, which is mostly provided by financial and manufacturing industries. Bradford has also emerged as a tourist destination, becoming the first UNESCO City of Film with attractions such as the National Science and Media Museum, Bradford City Park, the Alhambra theatre and Cartwright Hall.