Jean Pisani-Ferry is the Director of Economic Policy Planning for the Prime Minister of France. Previously, he was the director of Bruegel, the Brussels-based European economic think tank. He is also a professor of economics with Université Paris-Dauphine. After having held positions in research and government in France, he joined the European Commission in 1989 as economic adviser to the Director-General of DG ECFIN. From 1992 to 1997 he was the director of CEPII, the main French research centre in international economics. In 1997, he became senior economic adviser to the French minister of Finance and was later appointed executive president of the French prime minister’s Council of Economic Analysis (2001-2002). From 2002 to 2004, he was senior adviser to the director of the French Treasury. Pisani-Ferry has held teaching positions with various universities including Ecole polytechnique in Paris and Université libre de Bruxelles. In 2006-2007, he was president of the French economic association.He is a member of the Council of Economic Analysis, an independent advisory body reporting to the French PM. Born in 1951, Pisani-Ferry was initially trained as an engineer and also holds a Masterin mathematics. He holds an advanced degree in economics from the Centre d'études des programmes économiques (CEPE, Paris).