Established in 1918, Tallinn University of Technology (TalTech; Estonian: Tallinna Tehnikaülikool) is the only technical university in Estonia. TalTech, in the capital city of Tallinn, is a university for engineering, business, public administration and maritime affairs. TalTech has colleges in Tartu and Kohtla-Järve. Despite the similar names, Tallinn University and Tallinn University of Technology are separate institutions. The new library building of Tallinn University of Technology Campus of Tallinn University of Technology The entrance of the Library Contents 1 History 2 TalTech today 3 Rankings 4 Schools 5 Institutes 6 International degree programmes in English 7 Alumni 8 Partner universities 9 References 10 External links History In the early twentieth century, Estonia recognised an urgent need for locally trained engineering specialists. Until then, young people from Estonia had received their specialist education in St. Petersburg, Germany or Riga. Opportunities had to be sought for engineering-minded people to acquire an Estonian-based education which was adapted to local conditions and needs; Estonia was in the process of establishing itself as an independent country. On 17 September 1918, the Estonian Engineering Society opened an Estonian-based engineering school named Special Engineering Courses. That date has been recognised as the founding date of Tallinn University of Technology. Programmes were offered in mechanical, electrical, civil and hydraulic engineering, shipbuilding and architecture. In 1919, the school became the private Tallinn College of Engineering, which in 1920 was declared a state institution. Teachers' efforts to develop an Estonian terminology for science and technology proved fruitful and the first engineering books were published. In 1923, the first engineering graduation theses were defended in Estonia. In the same year, a state laboratory of materials testing opened for research work. By the 15 September 1936 Act of the Head of State, the school was granted university status, and named Tallinn Technical Institute. The institute had two faculties: civil and mechanical engineering and chemistry and mining. In 1938, the name Tallinn Technical University (Tallinna Tehnikaülikool, TTÜ in Estonian) was effective. In 1940 the Faculty of Economics, in 1958 the Faculty of Power Engineering and in 1965 the Faculty of Control Engineering were founded. After 2003 the university was known in English as Tallinn University of Technology (TUT). On 1 July 2008, TTÜ took over International University Audentes (IUA), which became part of the Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, except the Law School which joined the Faculty of Social Sciences. In 2014 an agreement for merger of the Estonian Maritime Academy with TTÜ was signed. On 16 November 2016, TTÜ and the Estonian Information Technology College signed a merger agreement. Since 1 August 2017, the IT College is a part of TTÜ. On 17 September 2018, Tallinn University of Technology adopted a new short name TalTech, replacing the previous abbreviations such as TTÜ, TUT and TTU. TalTech today There are over 30 fully accredited international degree programmes (4 Bachelor programmes, 18 Master programmes and 10 PhD programmes) that are available fully in English. TalTech conducts research and develops high-tech applications in many fields: Organic and analytic chemistry (Chemistry) Food biotechnology and neurobiology (Biotechnology) Geology (Earth Sciences) Power converter research (Power Electronics) Solar cell materials and tribomaterials (Material Sciences) Computer system research and biorobotics (ICT) Near-zero energy building (Civil Engineering) Public administration (Social Sciences) Rankings University rankings Global – Overall QS World 601-650 THE World 601-800 Tallinn University of Technology is the third highest ranking university in the Baltic states, placing in the 601-800 bracket in Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2016-17 and in the 601-650 bracket in QS World University rankings (behind Tartu University and Vilnius University). In QS University Rankings for Eastern Europe and Central Asia 2016, TalTech ranked 30th, placing it among the top ten technical universities in the region and confirming its status as the best technical university in the Baltics.